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Newsroom

Fact Sheets


 
April 2011

 
Conservation Reserve Program: Habitat Buffer for Upland Birds Initiative

 
Overview

 
USDA Farm Service Agency's (FSA) Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) Habitat Buffer for Upland Birds Initiative is aimed at creating 350,000 acres of habitat for the northern bobwhite quail and other grassland dependent birds.

 
Northern bobwhite quail are a native quail species with a historic range in 35states. It is a valued component of farm landscapes, an important aspect of rural agriculture and an icon of the heritage of hunting. However, bobwhite populations have declined with their habitats disappearing in their historic range due to urbanization, increased grassland cultivation, and a transitioning of once grassy fields into forests - a process called succession.

 
The Habitat Buffer for Upland Birds Initiative introduces a conservation practice intended to create 350,000 acres of early successional grass buffers along agricultural field borders. The initiative partners FSA with landowners, the Northern Bobwhite Conservation Initiative, the Northern Bobwhite Technical Committee, 32 state fish and wildlife agencies, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Quail Unlimited, Pheasants Forever/Quail Forever, Ducks Unlimited, the National Wild Turkey Federation, and other conservation groups, including local conservation districts.

 
Benefits

 
FSA estimates that the nesting and brood-rearing cover created by the initiative will increase bobwhite numbers by over 1 million birds annually. Planted buffers will also benefit reptiles, amphibians, aquatic species, and upland birds, many of which are being considered for listing as endangered species. Such bird species include the Bell's vireo, orchard oriole, painted bunting, loggerhead shrike, sedge wren, grasshopper sparrow, dickcissel, and Henslow's sparrow. In addition, the initiative will reduce soil erosion and protect water quality by trapping field sediments and nutrients.

 
Eligibility

 
Because the initiative is limited to 350,000 acres, enrollment is targeted to specific geographic areas in 31 states that have the greatest potential to restore bobwhite habitat.
Before an acreage allocation is effective for a state, monitoring, evaluation and other support (outreach, technical assistance, etc.) are required.

 
To be eligible, cropland must be suitably located and adaptable to the establishment of bobwhite. In addition, the applicant must satisfy the basic eligibility and cropping history criteria for CRP. These requirements are listed in the CRP fact sheet, available at http://www.fsa.usda.gov/crp.

 
To determine individual eligibility for the initiative, landowners should check with their local FSA office.

 
Approved Conservation Practice

 
Program participants must apply conservation practice CP 33, Habitat Buffer for Upland Birds, around field edges of eligible cropland. The purpose of this practice is to provide food and cover for bobwhite in cropland areas. Secondary benefits may include reducing soil erosion from wind and water, increasing soil and water quality, and protecting and enhancing the on-farm ecosystem.

 
Buffer species may include native warm-season grass, legumes, wildflowers, forbs, and limited shrub and tree plantings, as specified in the program participant's approved USDA conservation plan.

 
Payments and Other Assistance

 
FSA will offer the following types of payments:

 
  • Signing Incentive Payments of up to $100 per acre;
  • Practice Incentive Payments of up to 40 percent of the eligible establishment cost;
  • Annual Rental Payments. Producers will receive annual rental payments for the length of the contract; and
  • Cost-share assistance of up to 50 percent of the eligible reimbursable practice costs.

 
In addition, other groups may provide the following assistance:

 
  • The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and 32 state fish and wildlife agencies are expected to offer technical, monitoring, and evaluation assistance; and
  • Quail Unlimited, the National Bobwhite Technical Committee, Pheasants Forever/Quail Forever, Ducks Unlimited, the National Wild Turkey Federation, and other conservation groups including local conservation districts may provide outreach, technical expertise, and other assistance as appropriate.

 
Sign-up

 
Local FSA offices will take offers for the CRP Habitat Buffer for Upland Birds Initiative on a continuous basis, meaning eligible land may be enrolled at any time until the 350,000 acre cap is met.

 
For More Information

 
More information on the CRP Habitat Buffer for Upland Birds Initiative is available at local FSA offices and on FSA's web site at http://www.fsa.usda.gov

 

 

 
The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) prohibits discrimination in all of its programs and activities on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, disability, and where applicable, sex, marital status, familial status, parental status, religion, sexual orientation, political beliefs, genetic information, reprisal, or because all of part of an individual's income is derived from any public assistance program. (Not all bases apply to all programs.) Persons with disabilities who require alternative means for communication of program information (Braille, large print, audiotape, etc.) should contact USDA's TARGET Center at (202) 720-2600 (voice and TDD).

 
To file a complaint of discrimination, write to USDA, Assistant Secretary for Civil Rights, Office of the Assistant Secretary for Civil Rights, 1400 Independence Avenue, S.W., Stop 9410, Washington, DC 20250-9410, or call toll-free at (866) 632-9992 (English) or (800) 877-8339 (TDD) or (866) 377-8642 (English Federal-relay) or (800) 845-6136 (Spanish Federal-relay). USDA is an equal opportunity provider and employer.

 

 

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