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Agricultural Foreign Investment Disclosure Act (AFIDA)

Farm Service Agency (FSA), in collaboration with the Business Center, is responsible for the implementation of the law and regulations as they relate to foreign ownership of United States (U.S.) agricultural land.

The Agricultural Foreign Investment Disclosure Act (AFIDA) became law in late 1978. The regulations, Part 781, Disclosure of Foreign Investment in Agricultural Land were created to implement the AFIDA. In particular, they were created to establish a nationwide system for the collection of information pertaining to foreign ownership in U.S. agricultural land. The regulations require foreign investors who acquire, transfer, or hold an interest in U.S. agricultural land to report such holdings and transactions to the Secretary of Agriculture on an AFIDA Report Form FSA-153.

If you are a filer, click here for more information.

The data gained from AFIDA disclosures is used in the preparation of an annual report to Congress, which is published on the FSA website.  Starting in June 2023, FSA has supplemented the annual reports with searchable spreadsheets detailing foreign agricultural land ownership by county. The June FSA website posting includes annual data spreadsheets from 2010 to 2021.

To see the AFIDA annual reports, click here.

To see the detailed data underlying the AFIDA annual reports, click here

AFIDA Handbook: https://www.fsa.usda.gov/Internet/FSA_File/1-afida_r02_a02.pdf

  • AFIDA statue language is found in Exhibit 4 of the Handbook

AFIDA Regulation: https://www.ecfr.gov/current/title-7/subtitle-B/chapter-VII/subchapter-D/part-781

FSA-153 form: https://forms.sc.egov.usda.gov/efcommon/eFileServices/eForms/FSA153.PDF

For more information, contact:  Mary Estep, AFIDA Program Manager, 202-720-3217, mary.estep@usda.gov.